Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women – CEDAW
CEDAW Convention was adopted in 1979 by UN General Assembly Resolution 34/180.
For the purposes of the present Convention, the term “discrimination against women” shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.
Trafficking in human beings is a crime whose victims are mostly women and girls. ASTRA provides support and assistance to victims of human trafficking without any conditions; however, the fact is that by far the largest number of our clients are women.
Women and girls who, due to various other discriminatory processes (denial of schooling, unavailability of labour market options, denial of financial and other family support, previous exposure to violence) have become easy prey for traffickers because they take advantage of the fear, despair and hopelessness of their victims.
Therefore, the monitoring of recommendations of the CEDAW Committee, regular pointing to irregular practices in society, human rights violations, insufficient or inadequate response of the state and various systems in it, are very important for the organization ASTRA.