According to the EU Directive of 2011 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, EU Member States are obliged to establish the institute of the National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings or a similar mechanism.
For years, ASTRA has advocated the introduction of a national rapporteur on trafficking in human beings, at best, as an independent body, and if this is not feasible, then in a form based on the experience of the EU.
The Netherlands was the first to introduce this institution (in 2000) and it was the only one for more than ten years. Since 2011, almost all EU Member States have introduced a national rapporteur on trafficking in human beings, though in various forms:
- In eight EU countries, the national coordinator also acts as the national rapporteur (or the national rapporteur acts as the national coordinator): in Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Malta, Portugal and the Czech Republic.
- In seven countries, the role of national rapporteur is performed by one of the government bodies: Interior Ministry (Lithuania; Poland; Slovakia; Spain; Romania), Ministry of Justice (Sweden) or Equal Opportunities Department of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (Italy).
- In 4 countries, the function of national rapporteur has been assigned to an independent body: MYRIA, Federal Centre for Migration (Belgium); Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme / National Institute of Human Rights (France; Luxembourg); and Ombudsman for Minorities (Finland).
Comparative study on National Rapporteurs on Trafficking in Human Beings and Equivalent